April 24, 2011
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are up to three times more likely than other kids to use, abuse or become dependent on substances such as nicotine, cocaine and marijuana in adolescence and as young adults. Still, it is not inevitable that children with ADHD will abuse drugs. Parents should stay aware of changes in their children’s social relationships, mood, and look for declines in academic performance, as well as the signs and symptoms of substance use.
The researchers analyzed 27 long-term studies that followed approximately 4,100 children with ADHD and 6,800 children without the disorder into adolescence and young adulthood — in some cases for more than 10 years.
The research, the first large-scale comprehensive analysis on this issue, is published online this week in the journal Clinical Psychology Review